General Copyright Rules

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General Rules For Use Of Copyrighted Material Without Permission

Single Copying For Teachers - For use in teaching, preparation or scholarly research.

  • A chapter from a book.
  • An article from a periodical or newspaper.
  • A short story, short essay or short poem, whether or not from a collective work.
  • A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical or newspaper.

Multiple Copies For Classroom Use - No more than one copy per pupil.

  1. Test of brevity
    1. Poetry
      1. Complete poem if less than 250 words and no more than two pages.
      2. Excerpt from a longer poem not more than 250 words.
    2. Prose
      1. Complete story, article or essay less than 2500 words.
      2. Excerpt from any prose work of not more than 1000 words or 10% of the work whichever is less with 500 words being the minimum.
    3. Illustration
      1. One chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture per book.
    4. “Special Works” (Combine language with illustration under 2500 words).
      1. Excerpt only and not more than 10% of the work or over 2 pages.
  2. Test of spontaneity
    1. Copying is at the instance and inspiration of an individual teacher.
    2. The time between the decision to use the work and the use in teaching is so small that it would be unreasonable to expect a timely reply to a permission request.
  3. Test of cumulative effect
    1. The copying of the material is for only one course.
    2. Not more than one short poem, article, story, essay or two excerpts are copied from the same author nor more than three from the same collective work during one term.
    3. No more than 9 instances of multiple copying for 1 course during 1 term.

Prohibited use of copyright material

  • Copying shall not be used to create, replace or substitute for anthologies, compilations or collective works.
  • No copying of “consumable” works such as workbooks, exercises or standardized tests, test booklets or answer sheets.
  • Copying shall not:
    • Substitute for the purchase of books, publisher reprints or periodicals.
    • Be directed by a higher authority
    • Be repeated by the same teacher from term to term.
  • No charge can be made to the student beyond the actual cost of the copying.

SIMPLEST GUIDELINE: If you are using the material regularly or the quantity of content is more than 1000 words, you need to check if you need permission.