General Rules For Use Of Copyrighted Material Without Permission
Single Copying For Teachers - For use in teaching, preparation or scholarly research.
- A chapter from a book.
- An article from a periodical or newspaper.
- A short story, short essay or short poem, whether or not from a collective work.
- A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical or newspaper.
Multiple Copies For Classroom Use - No more than one copy per pupil.
- Test of brevity
- Complete poem if less than 250 words and no more than two pages.
- Excerpt from a longer poem not more than 250 words.
- Complete story, article or essay less than 2500 words.
- Excerpt from any prose work of not more than 1000 words or 10% of the work whichever is less with 500 words being the minimum.
- One chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture per book.
- “Special Works” (Combine language with illustration under 2500 words).
- Excerpt only and not more than 10% of the work or over 2 pages.
- Test of spontaneity
- Copying is at the instance and inspiration of an individual teacher.
- The time between the decision to use the work and the use in teaching is so small that it would be unreasonable to expect a timely reply to a permission request.
- Test of cumulative effect
- The copying of the material is for only one course.
- Not more than one short poem, article, story, essay or two excerpts are copied from the same author nor more than three from the same collective work during one term.
- No more than 9 instances of multiple copying for 1 course during 1 term.
Prohibited use of copyright material
- Copying shall not be used to create, replace or substitute for anthologies, compilations or collective works.
- No copying of “consumable” works such as workbooks, exercises or standardized tests, test booklets or answer sheets.
- Copying shall not:
- Substitute for the purchase of books, publisher reprints or periodicals.
- Be directed by a higher authority
- Be repeated by the same teacher from term to term.
- No charge can be made to the student beyond the actual cost of the copying.
SIMPLEST GUIDELINE: If you are using the material regularly or the quantity of content is more than 1000 words, you need to check if you need permission.